I love opinionated non-PC people. This blog is to vent my opinions on life, the universe and everything. Which is 42 which in gematria is "My Heart" (LBY) according to Rabbi Abulafia. The Divine Heart is the centre of everything.

Friday, April 21, 2017

Jews, Convicts and Illegitimacy: A Tasmanian Jewish Story

Joseph Solomon the President of the Hobart Synagogue and Member for the Huon in 1880 son of the convict Judah Solomon and his mistress Elizabeth Howell

The story of early Jewish settlement in Tasmania and on the Mainland of Australia is a fascinating area of study. Many Australian families are halakhically Jewish even though they are Christian by religion today. I have been researching a Tasmanian Catholic friend's genealogy and found out that she is descended from some interesting characters in the early days of Tasmania and Australia. 

 Edward Theodore Castle the father of Daisy Bell Castle

Her great-grandmother was the rather prettily named Daisy Bell Castle who was born in 1899 in the Glamorgan- Spring Bay area of coastal north eastern Tasmania near Little Swanport.  She was the daughter of Edward Castle of Green Hills and his wife Maria Radford. The Castle family were of convict ancestry and Edward's father Robert Castle was a womaniser who had 17 children with four different women. Edward was one of 9 children whom Robert had with his first wife Mary Jane Dyer who was a cousin of his from Somersetshire in England.

While the Castle family were Anglicans Edward's wife Maria Radford was of Jewish ancestry. Maria was born in the Spring Bay area in 1870. She was the illegitimate daughter of her mother Rachel Maria Radford (born 1850 in Spring Bay). Rachel at the age of 18 had an affair with a married leader in the Jewish community of Hobart Mr Joseph Solomon of Temple House in Argyle St, who would later be elected to Parliament for the Huon Valley area in 1880. He was also president of the Hobart Synagogue and came from a well-known family of Jewish convicts who became leaders in the Jewish community of Tasmania. Mr Solomon also had a son with Rachel called Jacob Radford. After the affair ended after the birth of Maria, Rachel in 1871 married Matthew Poole and went on to have a large family with him. Joseph Solomon did not have any children with his legal wife.

 Maria Frankel the mother of Rachel Maria Radford

However not only was Joseph Solomon Jewish as well as the illegitimate son of his father Judah Solomon's housekeeper but Rachel herself was Jewish and illegitimate. Her father George Radford who wasn't Jewish in religion but of Jewish ancestry through his mother was from a family that lived in Sorrell and at the age of 16 he got a young 14 year old Jewish girl pregnant. This teenager Maria Frankel ran away from her home to live with the Radford family and had two daughters with George Radford. After the birth of the second daughter Ruth Radford, Maria Frankel returned to her father's home in Hobart who then arranged a marriage for her in Sydney with a Jewish young man called Lewis or Louis Cohen. Maria's mother Miriam had previously died in Hobart in 1847 when Maria was about 11 years old. Sadly about a month after Maria's wedding her baby daughter Ruth, who she had left along with her older daughter Rachel in the care of George Radford's parents John and Mary (nee Buxton) Radford, died in April of 1854. Maria Frankel went on to have a large family of 12 children with her Jewish husband Lewis Cohen and they for many years lived in Launceston in Tasmania (from 1855 until about 1872 when they moved to Sydney). Rachel was raised as a child of her grandparents in Sorrell and Hobart.

Mary Ann Buxton who was the paternal grandmother of Rachel Radford (who reared her as her own daughter) was also on her mother's side Jewish. Mary Ann's mother Ellen Bott was the daughter of Jane Barlow (the daughter of  the Jew Isaac Barlow and his wife Sarah Solomon). Isaac Barlow's sister Sarah Barlow (b.1710) was married to Isaac Solomon. This Isaac Solomon (b.1710) was the grandfather of the convicts Judah and Joseph Solomon. Thus Ellen Bott and Judah Solomon were second cousins. Thus Joseph Solomon (Judah's son) and his mistress Rachel Maria Radford were third cousins twice removed. The Barlow surname originally was Bar Loeb or Lowe meaning "son of the lion".

Maria Frankel was the daughter of Louis Jacob Frankel a Polish born Jew of Breslau and his wife Miriam Sarah Moses of an English Jewish family from Bristol of whom many settled in Australia and Tasmania. The Moses family had originally come from Alsae in France in the early 18th century to Bristol and they intermarried with the Aaron family of Birmingham. Rabbi Moses Aaron was a Rabbi for the Jewish community in Birmingham in the late 18th century.

Louis and Miriam Frankel arrived to Tasmania on the "Calcutta" in 1842 and they settled in Hobart. Their daughter Maria or Mary Frankel was about 6 years old when they arrived from England. Maria had a brother Simeon and a sister Esther who were both younger than her. Her father himself remarried in 1857 to Miriam Mary Marks in Melbourne Victoria and they had about 5 children together. The Frankel or Fraenkel family of Breslau were devoutly orthodox Jewish and many of them Rabbinic scholars. Maria Frankel's brother Simeon Jacob Frankel was married in 1863 to Annie Cohen in Melbourne. They lived at different times in Tasmania, Sydney and Melbourne after their marriage. Maria's sister Esther Frankel married in 1860 in Sydney to Emanuel Jonas.

Miriam Sarah Moses' family were in business with and closely related to the Nathan family. Miriam's brother Samuel Jacob Moses had arrived in Australia with his wife Rosetta Blanche Moses (the daughter of Henry Zvi Moses and Esther Nathan). Samuel arrived in Hobart in 1841 a year before Louis and Miriam Frankel arrived in Hobart. It would seem that Miriam and Samuel's older brother David Moses in 1827 was convicted of a crime and sent to Tasmania for 7 years where he arrived in a convict ship the "Marmion" in 1828. This David Moses should not be confused with David Lionel Moses who died in 1845 from falling off his horse. This David was younger and was the brother of Rosetta Blanche Moses and of Mrs Harriette Nathan the wife of Louis Nathan. His Jewish funeral in 1845 caused great interest in the colony.

 Julia Moses the wife of Elias Moses and daughter of Abraham Moses

Miriam Sarah Moses (Mrs Frankel)'s brother Elias Moses arrived in Sydney in 1833 and went into business with Samuel Benjamin his shipmate. Two years later in 1835 Samuel Benjamin married Miriam and Elias' sister Rachel Moses.  Elias Moses married his relative Julia Moses the daughter of Abraham Moses. Another older sister of Miriam was Catherine Moses whose husband was Moses Benjamin a leading merchant in Melbourne and brother to Samuel Benjamin of Sydney. Moses went into business around 1838 with his brother David Benjamin and his half-brother Solomon Benjamin. Moses and Samuel Benjamin's mother was another Miriam Moses (b.1779) a daughter of Samuel Eleazar Moses. 

Miriam Sarah (nee Moses) Frankel also had a brother Solomon who married Deborah Hart in 1835 in Sydney as well as a youngest brother called Moses Moses (Moss). Moses married Esther Nathan on 16 November 1842 in Sydney.  She was a daughter of Nathan Lyon Nathan who was sent to Australia as 16 year old convict. He later returned to England and married there, and returned to Australia as a free settler. Nathan’s children and extended family were greatly involved in the establishment and growth of the Jewish communities in Australia and New Zealand. They were a prominent Jewish merchant family. Nathan's son Louis Nathan was married to Harriette Moses a sister of Rosetta Blanche Moses. The members of the extended Moses family were also great supporters of the Orthodox Jewish synagogue and communities throughout Australia.

There is much in the lives of the people here that I have touched on only very lightly and there is so much more to tell. The crimes they committed that led to their coming to Australia is also a fascinating story. The drama of Judah Solomon's wife coming from England and he refusing to give up his mistress and live with his legal wife is also an interesting story. The prettily named Anglican girl Daisy Bell Castle turned out to be of maternal Jewish ancestry and so are all her female line descendants. Daisy Bell Castle (b.1899) goes on her direct maternal line back to around 1720 and the birth of a Jewish woman called Judith Cohen who was the wife of Aaron Levy of Amsterdam and Hamburg. Judith Cohen is my friend's 8x great grandmother. 

By a strange coincidence another friend of ours who also attended our Passover Seder this year is also descended from these Jewish families of Bristol and Birmingham and I descend from Aaron and Judith too. Aaron Levy and Judith Cohen are her 6x great grandparents and they are my 7x great grandparents. Both my friends descend from their daughter Bertha (Batya) Levy who married Levy Moses of Birmingham and Bristol and I descend from her sister Rachel Levy of the Netherlands. They say there is only 6 degrees of cousinship separating most Jews and it would seem to be the case here. 

Let us redo the history of this line of women descended from Judith Cohen of Amsterdam via Miram Sarah Moses of Bristol and Hobart and their brokenness in illicit and/or difficult relationships in God's Divine Will so that healing will flow through the whole family. These stories also demonstrate that one can always come back from the disasters and problems in life and become a blessing to others. We all have an inner convict in us that is waiting for healing and freedom.

Judah Solomon and the Building of the Hobart Synagogue

Friday, April 07, 2017

The Lost Tribes of Israel and Genetics: A Discussion Group

 The Chin and Mizo claim to be the sons of Manasseh but are actually mostly from the Tribes of Asher and Gad which served under the Manassehite last King of Israel and his warrior horsemen of the tribe of Manasseh (Cuman/ Xiongnu/ Turks).

Recently I established a Lost Tribes of Israel and Genetics Discussion Group on facebook to discuss and provide sources for those interested in the search for the Lost Tribes of Israel. This has been a lifetime fascination for me and many of my family going back a number of generations. Until the advent of Genetics ydna research I held mostly to the identification of the Tribes as proposed by the British Israelites and the orthodox Jewish organisation Brit Am.

However by using the evidence of both the testing of living people and ancient dna with a study of history and the movements of people I have come to some different conclusions. I was once a great believer that the British and their crown commonwealth countries was the Ephraimite nation and company of nations. I now realise it is the Slavic Russians and Poles and other closely related Slavic peoples that make up this Ephraimite nation and company of nations. They are the birth-right Tribe of R1a Z283 ydna. The British and Irish turned out to be mainly from the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21). 

 Location of the Tribe of Eastern Manasseh in the 20th century. Many located in Afghanistan, Pakistan and North Western India as well as Kyrgyzstan,Tajikistan and southern Russia. As well as a hot spot in south-eastern Turkey and south eastern Iran.

Until very recently I believed that Manasseh was America but now I realise Eastern Manasseh is represented by the Turkish Sultans and those eastern peoples of R1a Z93 ydna. Only a percentage of the people of modern day Turkey belong to this group (about 10-15 %) and the largest group among the Turks of Turkey belong to J2 an Assyrian/ Ishmaelite clan at about 25%. In Western Europe the Western Manassehites (R1a L664) may be found and USA may have elements of both Manassehs among them. I also discovered in this reevaluation of the genetic evidence that many Asian peoples belong to the Tribes of Asher and Gad (both of O ydna haplogroup).

 I had always believed that the Tribe of Zebulon was among the Dutch and German people and this has proved to be correct and they mainly belong to R1b U106 ydna as well as R1b L238 ydna. This Tribe of Zebulon has been in Western Europe the longest of all the Tribes of Israel. Our present Queen's father George VI may have belonged to a Royal House descended from Zebulon and recent genetic studies identify the House of Saxe- Coburg and Gotha with R1b U106 Z305. So the Queen belongs to the Royal House of David only through a female lineage but on her direct male line she is a descendant of St Peter (Sh'mon ben Yochanan bar Yonah) and Jonah the Prophet who both belonged to the Tribe of Zebulon. The French Bourbon Kings also belonged to the Tribe of Zebulon (R1b U106 Z381).

I have also always believe that the Tribe of Reuben was to be found among the French and this has proved to be true with many French people belonging to R1b U152 which is numerous in France and Northern Italy. It is interesting that both the Plantagenet Kings of England and the Hapsburgs of Austria belong to the Tribe of Reuben and are only Davidic on a female line. Both the Stuart dynasty and the Oldenburg belong to R1b L21 and are direct male line descendants of the Davidic House. However some claim that it is not clear yet whether the Oldenburg House is R1b L21 (Davidic) or U106 (Zebulonite).
The Tribe of Reuben ( R1b U152) location in the 19th Century

As one can see from the above chart the great majority of the people of the world today are descendants on the male line from Noah's son Shem with exceptions of A, B, D and E haplogroups. A large portion of Europeans and Asians are male line descendants of Abraham (IJK). The numbers descended paternally from Jacob/Israel (NOP) are also immense. The Han Chinese people are nearly made up of 55 % of  Western Gad (O3 ydna) and about 10% of Eastern Gad (O1 ydna) as well as about 15%  of the Tribe of Asher (O2 ydna) and almost 10% of the Tribe of Naphtali (N ydna) and about 1% of the Tribe of Benjamin (Q ydna). The biggest group of non-Israelite male ancestry among the Chinese is Charranite C ydna which is about 5-10 % and about 1% of Tubalite D ydna. Thus both the Chinese and Japanese are mostly Israelite peoples on their direct male lines. However the Japanese are not as Israelite as the Chinese as they have a large percentage of non-Israelite D ydna about 35 % or more. The Ainu of Japan are over 87 % D ydna descendants of Japheth. The Koreans are about 45% of Western Gad (O3 ydna) and 30% of Asher (O2 ydna) and the Koreans have about 15% of non-Israelite C ydna as well as a small percentage of D ydna. The mother of Zilpah (the mother of the patriarchs Asher and Gad) was the handmaid of Laban's wife Adinah. Zilpah and Bilhah were maternally descended from the red-bronze daughters of Adan the wife of Japheth.

Saturday, April 01, 2017

Was Yeshua a Sabbath Breaker?: A Hebrew Catholic Perspective

Many Gentile Christians read the Gospels and see that Yeshua and his disciples at times broke the Sabbath laws and conclude that Yeshua (Jesus) did not value the Sabbath and that he abolished the Jewish Sabbath observance. Some Jewish Christians try to defend Yeshua and the disciples by denying the authority of the Rabbis and claiming that Yeshua didn't break the Biblical laws of the Sabbath. This is another form of sola scriptura that rejects the authority of the community and its leadership in being the interpreters of  Scripture and Tradition (Written and oral Torah). Yeshua as a devout Jew and Pharisee accepted both, he was no Saducee or Karaite.

While most Catholics reject this sola scriptura approach for the New Testament and its leadership, they often do accept it for the Old Testament and its leadership. Yeshua himself in Matthew 23 affirmed the authority of the Scribes and the Pharisaic Rabbis as sitting on the Seat or Chair of Moses and he also affirmed in Matthew 7 that he had no intention of abolishing even the smallest part of the Torah and Prophets. If he did then no Jew could follow him as he would be a false Messiah.

Did Yeshua and his disciples break the Sabbath laws? The answer is yes they did. However in doing this Yeshua adhered to Jewish Halachic principals. It would have been sinful for him not to break the Sabbath laws in certain situations because there are higher laws that one must obey. These higher laws are those of doing good by alleviating human need and suffering by showing compassionate mercy. 

The laws of mercy and love are higher than the laws of the Temple service just as the laws of the Temple Service are higher than the laws of the Sabbath. When they are in conflict the lower laws yield to the higher and the negative commandments to the positive. This is part of the kal v'chomer principles of Halachah. Today Pope Francis is returning Catholic teaching to this original approach to the rules and laws of the Catholic faith to its original sources in the Gospels and the teaching of Yeshua. And today we also have rigid Catholic Pharisees who oppose the Pope's reorientation to a Biblical approach rooted into the Halachic principals outlined by Yeshua himself as the priority of mercy and love.

Yeshua in laying out his approach to Halachah demonstrated through referring to the story of David and his men eating the shewbread that human hunger and need has a higher priority than the Temple laws. When Yeshua said that "something greater than the Temple is here", he on the level of peshat and drash was not referring to himself but to the law of mercy (doing good to others including animals) which is greater than the laws of the Temple service. However in no way did Yeshua intend to abolish the Sabbath laws but he did articulate with a kal v'chomer approach when it was lawful to break such rules when a higher priority was appropriate.

When Yeshua said that "the son of man is Lord of the Sabbath" he was not on the level of peshat (literal) and drash (homelectical) referring to himself as the Son of Man as he does in other places but referring to mankind. He is saying 'Man is master of the Sabbath' which complements 'The Sabbath was made for man not man for the Sabbath'. The more mystical interpretations of these sayings after reflecting on who Yeshua was as Messiah is a valid one and gives us greater spiritual insight. However we must first understand the levels of peshat and drash and what Yeshua was actually saying and how his Jewish audience was understanding him at that time. 

In Luke 14 at a dinner held by a prominent Pharisee leader who may have been Gamaliel himself Yeshua defended his Halachic argument about doing good or showing mercy on the Sabbath through healing. It would seem Gamaliel and the other Pharisees present agreed with his argument or at least had no reponse to it. Gamaliel later would defend the Apostles and St Clement reveals that Gamaliel became a secret disciple of Yeshua with the permission of St Peter in order to help the persecuted believers. Gamaliel who was the Nasi (Davidic president) and Av Bet Din (Chief Rabbi) of the Sanhedrin and thus the one who sat on the Seat of Moses thus defers to the higher authority of the Seat of Peter.

Any future Hebrew Catholic or Catholic Jewish community will have to use these Halachic principals as established by the Messiah just as Hasidic Jews accept that of their Rebbes. The Sacrifice of the Mass is the Temple service of the New Covenant and thus has a priority over Sabbath laws. Thus if one cannot walk to Mass or Adoration on Shabbat then it would be permissible for a Catholic Jew to travel by car, train or bus. Just as it is permissible for a catholic to miss Sunday Mass if they have to care for someone who is ill. Like in  the famous story of Schneur Zalman of Liadi (the founder of Chabad Hasidim) on Yom Kippor chopping wood and lighting a fire in order to help a woman who had just given birth, so the Hebrew Catholic would put doing good for others as the priority. 

Yeshua taught that it is not only if a life is endangered that one can break the Sabbath and Temple laws but if it will alleviate the suffering or distress of a person it is appropriate to do so immediately and this is a mitzvah which one should run to perform with joy. Pope Francis is presenting to us the terrible spiritual and emotional suffering of many Catholics in broken marriages and second marriages and asking us to put the priority of mercy and alleviating suffering above canon law. He is asking the priests and Bishops supported by the laity to run with joy to accompany these sufferers in their suffering and to do whatever they can to help alleviate that suffering of soul. This is nothing new but a return to the Gospels and the teaching of Yeshua which is taken to a new level of understanding in the ongoing development of doctrine in the Catholic Church (as articulated by Blessed Cardinal Newman) under the guidance of the Holy Spirit and the one who sits in the Chair or Seat of Peter. Of course we need to always keep in mind that Jewish Sabbath observances are not salvific but a way of sanctity for Jewish people given by God himself at Sinai. However some form of Sabbath rest observance is universal as the Sabbath was given in the beginning to mankind to observe and the Church allows Gentile Catholics to fulfill this universal observance of a day of Rest on Sundays.